BukowskiM (1)

I’m a researcher and lecturer in the Institute of Psychology at the Jagiellonian University. My main research interests are focused on social cognition, especially motivational and emotional factors that guide cognition in the social context. I’m especially interested in studying individual and situational variables (e.g. control motivation or epistemic motivation) that influence the flexibility of social categorization, knowledge activation and application, and thinking processes. I’m also interested in applying basic research findings in applied social contexts, such as the area of stereotyping, prejudice and discrimination.



Current research projects

  1. Active coping with uncontrollability: Cognitive effort investment as a personal control restoration strategy. OPUS 21 grant awarded to Marcin Bukowski by the Polish National Science Centre (2021 – 2026).
  2. Inclusivity Norms to Counter Polarization in European Societies (INCLUSIVITY). The project is funded by the Volkswagen Stiftung as part of the Challenges for Europe scheme. Project leader: Prof. Maarten van Zalk (Osnabrück University). Project partners: dr hab. Marcin Bukowski, prof. UJ (Jagiellonian University), Prof. Oliver Christ (FernUniversität in Hagen), Prof. Miranda Lubbers (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona) and Prof. Eva Jaspers (UtrechtUniversity).
  3. Alliance processes as a form of coping with identity and control threats. Grant awarded by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science to Prof. Soledad de Lemus, University of Granada (2019-2022).

Past research projects

  1. The dynamics of personal control: When does lack of control lead to effort mobilization vs demobilization? Grant awarded by the Polish National Agency for Academic Exchange (NAWA) in the selection procedure of the Bekker Programme (edition 2020).
  2. Coping with identity and control threats: Explicit and implicit routes to resistance. Grant awarded by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science to dr Soledad de Lemus (2016-2019).
  3. Threat to control and social norms; Conformity, change of formation. Project funded in the BEETHOVEN scheme by the Polish National Science Centre (NCN) in the years 2015-18 (2014/15/G/HS6/04529).
  4. Control deprivation, (inter)group relations, and political cognition” project awarded to Prof. Mirosław Kofta by the NCN within the OPUS scheme (2015-2018).
  5. Motivational, affective, and cognitive sources of knowledge formation process: Implications for intrapersonal, interpersonal and intergroup phenomena. MAESTRO Grant awarded to prof. Małgorzata Kossowska by the National Centre for Science.
  6. Control motivation and flexibility of social categorization processes. Research supported by the Polish National Centre for Science to Marcin Bukowski, PhD.
  7. How bilingual experience influences flexibility of the cognitive system. Neural bases and consequences for social categorization. FOCUS program Project supported by the Polish Science Foundation (FNP). Project leader: Zofia Wodniecka, Ph.D.
  8. Social-psychological antecedents and consequences of (il)legitimacy in power relations (Antecedentes y consecuencias psicosociales de la(i)legitimidad de las relaciones de poder). Grant awarded by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science to professor Rosa Rodríguez Bailón (Universidad de Granada).
  9. Creation of intergroup representations in uncontrollability and uncertainty conditions. In co-operation with: Professor Ulrich von Hecker (Cardiff University) and Professor Małgorzata Kossowska (Jagiellonian University), (2009 – 2011).
  10. Psychological threat and intergroup relations. Project leader: Professor Mirosław Kofta (Warsaw University), (2007 – 2010).
  11. Contextual determinants of stereotype activation and application. PhD project. Supervised by: Professor Andrzej Szmajke (Opole University) (2004 – 2006).


Publications in English and Spanish

  1. Bukowski, M., de Lemus, S., Potoczek, A., Sankaran, S., Petkanopoulou, K., Montañés Muro, M. P., Chryssochou, X., Tausch, N. (2024). United as one? Personal and social identity threats differentially predict cooperation and prejudice toward minorities. Self and Identity, 1–32. https://doi.org/10.1080/15298868.2024.2336939
  2. Bukowski, M., Potoczek, A., Barzykowski, K., Lautenbacher, J., & Inzlicht, M. (2024). What do we manipulate when reminding people of (not) having control? In search of construct validity. Behavior Research Methods. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-023-02326-8
  3. Potoczek, A., Bukowski, M., de Lemus, S., Jiménez-Moya, G., Rodríguez-López, Á., & Jasko, K. (2023). Walk This Way: Ingroup Norms Determine Voting Intentions for Those Who Lack Sociopolitical Control. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin49(5), 692–708. https://doi.org/10.1177/01461672211070070 Full text available here
  4. Rodríguez-López, Á., de Lemus, S., Bukowski, M., Potoczek, A., & Fritsche, I. (2022). Political change as group-based control: Threat to personal control reduces the support for traditional political parties. PloS one17(12), e0278743. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0278743
  5. Lammers, J., Bukowski, M., Potoczek, A., Fleischmann, A., Hofmann, W. (2022). Disentangling the Factors Behind Shifting Voting Intentions: The Bandwagon Effect Reflects Heuristic Processing, While the Underdog Effect Reflects Fairness Concerns. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, Vol. 10(2), 676–692, https://doi.org/10.5964/jspp.9241
  6. Potoczek, A., Bukowski, M., Jasko, K., Czepluch, F., Fritsche, I., Jugert, P., & Kossowska, M. (2022). Acting collectively against air pollution: When does control threat mobilize environmental activism? Registered report. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 102, 104352. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2022.104352
  7. Castro, S., Bukowski, M., Lupiáñez, J., Wodniecka, Z. (2021). Fast or accurate? The change of goals modulates the efficiency of executive control. Polish Psychological Bulletin. 52(1), 49–66. DOI: 10.24425/ppb.2021.136816
  8. Soral, W., Kofta, M., & Bukowski, M. (2021). Helplessness experience and intentional (un-)binding: Control deprivation disrupts the implicit sense of agency. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 150(2), 289–305. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/xge0000791 
  9. Szwed, P., Kossowska, M., Bukowski, M. (2021). Effort investment in uncontrollable situations: The moderating role of motivation toward closure. Motivation and Emotion, 45, 186-196. DOI: 10.1007/s11031-021-09868-4
  10. Brandt, M. J., Kuppens, T., Spears, R., Andrighetto, L., Autin, F., Babincak, P., Badea, C., Bae, J., Batruch, A., Becker, J. C., Bocian, K., Bodroža, B., Bourguignon, D., Bukowski, M., (…) & Zimmerman, J. L. (2020). Subjective status and perceived legitimacy across countries. European Journal of Social Psychology, 50, 921-942. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2694
  11. Jurasińska, A., Bukowski, M., & Białecka-Pikul, M. (2019). The child as an observer: The influence of adults’ nonverbal messages on children’s social attitudes. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 50, 357-367. DOI:10.24425/ppb.2019.131500
  12. Bukowski, M., de Lemus, S., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Willis, G. B., & Alburquerque, A. (2019). When lack of control enhances closeness to others: The case of unemployment and economic threat. European Journal of Social Psychology, 49, 1144-1160. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.2563
  13. Bukowski, M., de Lemus, S., Marzecová, A., Lupiáñez, J., & Gocłowska, M. A. (2019). Different faces of (un)controllability: Control restoration modulates the efficiency of task switching. Motivation and Emotion, 43(1), 12-34. DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9745-8. Full text available here
  14. de Lemus, S., Spears, R., Lupiáñez, J., Bukowski, M., & Moya, M. (2018). Automatic ingroup bias as resistance to traditional gender roles? Social Psychological Bulletin, 13(4). Article e29080. https://doi.org/10.32872/spb.vi.29080. Full text available here
  15. Parzuchowski, M., Bukowski, M. (2018). New perspectives for Social Psychological Bulletin (Psychologia Społeczna). Social Psychological Bulletin, 13(1), Article e25506. https://doi.org/10.5964/spb.v13i1.25506. Full text available here
  16. Bukowski, M., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., de Lemus, S., Willis, G. B., Jiménez-Moya, G., Spears, R. (2018). Coping with power asymmetries: The dynamics of emotional reactions in (il)legitimate powerless groups. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 49(1), 11–22. doi 10.24425/119467.
  17. Bukowski, M., de Lemus, S., Rodriguez-Bailón, R., & B. Willis, G. (2017). Who’s to blame? Causal attributions of the economic crisis and personal control. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 20(6)909-923. DOI: 10.1177/1368430216638529. Advanced online publication
  18. Bukowski, M., Fritsche, I., Guinote, A., Kofta, M. (2017). Coping with Lack of Control in a Social World: An Introduction. In M. Bukowski, I. Fritsche, A. Guinote, & M. Kofta (Eds.). Coping with Lack of Control in a Social World (pp. 1–12). New York: Routledge.
  19. Bukowski, M., & Kofta, M. (2017). From coping to helplessness: Effects of control deprivation on cognitive and affective processes. In M. Bukowski, I. Fritsche, A. Guinote, & M. Kofta (Eds.), Coping with Lack of Control in a Social World (pp. 15–34). New York: Routledge.
  20. Fritsche, I., Moya, M., Bukowski, M., Jugert, P., de Lemus, S., Decker, O., Valor-Segura, I., & Navarro-Carrillo, G. (2017). The great recession and group-based control: Converting personal helplessness into social class ingroup trust and collective action. Journal of Social Issues, 73, 117-137. doi: 10.1111/josi.12207. Full text available here
  21. Kossowska, M., Bukowski, M., &  Sankaran, S. (2017). Ironic effects of need for closure on closed-minded processing mode: The moderating role of perceived control over reducing uncertainty. In M. Bukowski, I. Fritsche, A. Guinote, & M. Kofta (Eds.). Coping with Lack of Control in a Social World (pp. 49–61). New York: Routledge.
  22. Sadaniowski, A. B., Marino, J. C., Bukowski, M., Luna, F. G. (2017). Impacto del bilingüismo temprano y nivel socioeconómico sobre las funciones  ejecutivas [Impact of early bilingualism and socioeconomic level on executive functions]. Revista Neuropsicología Latinoamericana, 9, 1-9.
  23. Żemojtel-Piotrowska, M. A., Piotrowski, J. P., Cieciuch, J., Calogero, R. M., Van Hiel, A. Argentero, P., Baltatescu, S., Baran, T., Bardhwaj, G., Bukowski, M. i in. (2017). Measurement of psychological entitlement in 28 countries. European Journal of Psychological Assessment 33, 207-217. doi: 10.1027/1015-5759/a000286
  24. Kossowska, M., Bukowski, M., Guinote, A., Dragon, P., & Kruglanski, A. (2016). Self-image threat decreases stereotyping: The role of motivation toward closure. Motivation & Emotion, 40, 830-841doi: 10.1007/s11031-016-9582-6. Full text available here
  25. Bukowski, M., Asanowicz, D., Marzecová, A., & Lupiáñez, J. (2015). Limits of control: The effects of uncontrollability experiences on the efficiency of attentional control. Acta Psychologica, 154, 43-53.
  26. Cichocka, A., Winiewski, M., Bilewicz, M., Bukowski, M., & Jost, J. (2015). Complementary stereotyping of ethnic minorities predicts system justification in Poland. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 18, 788-800. 
  27. de Lemus, S., Bukowski, M., Spears, R., & Telga, M. (2015). Reactance to (or acceptance of) stereotypes: Implicit and explicit responses to group identity threat. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 223, 236-246. DOI: 10.1027/2151-2604/a000225.
  28. Kossowska, M. & Bukowski, M. (2015). Motivated Roots of Conspiracies: The Role of Certainty and Control Motives in Conspiracy Thinking. W: M. Bilewicz, A. Cichocka, W. Soral (red.). The Psychology of Conspiracy (s. 145-161). Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
  29. Kossowska, M., Dragon, P., Bukowski, M. (2015). When need for closure leads to positive attitudes towards a negatively stereotyped outgroup. Motivation and Emotion, 39, 88-98. doi: 10.1007/s11031-014-9414-5.
  30. Kossowska, M., Czarnek, G., Wyczesany, M., Wronka, E., Szwed, P., & Bukowski, M. (2015). Electrocortical indices of attention correlate with need for closure. NeuroReport: For Rapid Communication of Neuroscience Research, 26(5), 285–290.
  31. Bukowski, M., Dragon, P., & Kossowska, M. (2014). The impact of incidental fear and anger on in- and outgroup attitudes. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 45, 312-317.
  32. de Lemus, S., Moya, M., Lupiáñez, J., Bukowski, M. (2014). Men in the office, women in the kitchen? Contextual dependency of gender stereotype activation in Spanish women. Sex Roles, 70, 468-478. doi: 10.1007/s11199-013-0328-6
  33. Kossowska, M., Bukowski, M., Czarnek, G. (2014). Two routes to closure: Time pressure and goal activation effects on executive control. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 45, 268-274.
  34. Kossowska, M., Czarnek., G., Wronka, E., Wyczesny, M., Bukowski, M. (2014). Individual differences in epistemic motivation and brain conflict monitoring activity. Neurscience Letters, 570, 38–41.
  35. Bukowski, M., von Hecker, U., Kossowska, M. (2013). Motivational determinants of reasoning about social relations: The role of need for cognitive closure. Thinking and Reasoning, 19, 150-177.
  36.  de Lemus, S., Spears, R., Bukowski, M., Moya, M., Lupiáñez, J., (2013). Reversing implicit gender stereotype activation as a function of exposure to traditional role relations. Social Psychology, 44, 109-116.
  37. de Lemus, S., Bukowski, M. (2013). When interdependence shapes social perception: Cooperation and competition moderate the implicit activation of gender stereotypical associations. Spanish Journal of Psychology, 16. DOI:10.1017/sjp.2013.96
  38. Marzecová, A., Bukowski, M., Boros, M., Correa, A., Lupiáñez, J., Wodniecka, Z. (2013). Tracing the bilingual advantage in cognitive control: The role of flexibility in temporal preparation and category switching. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 25, 586-604.
  39. Bukowski, M., Sędek, G., Kossowska, M., Trejtowicz, M. (2012). The impact of background category information on the creation of social cliques: The role of need for cognitive closure and decisiveness. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 43, 12-19.
  40. Kossowska, M., Trejtowicz, M., de Lemus, S., Bukowski, M., Van Hiel, A., Goodwin, R. (2011). Relationships between right-wing authoritarianism, terrorism threat and attitudes towards restrictions of civil rights: A comparison among four European countries. British Journal of Psychology, 102, 245-259.
  41. Bukowski, M., Moya, M., de Lemus, S., Szmajke, A. (2009). Selective stereotype activation: The joint impact of interpersonal goals and task context. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 317-324.
  42. Kossowska, M., Bukowski, M., Van Hiel, A. (2008). The impact of submissive vs. dominant authoritarianism and negative emotions on prejudice. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 744-749.

Publications in Polish and other languages

  1. Bukowski, M., Sędek, G. i Potoczek, A. (2020). Poznawcze konsekwencje deprywacji kontroli. Rola niepewności i dynamiki doświadczeń braku kontroli. W M. Kofta, A Rędzio (red.), Poczucie kontroli i niepewność: konsekwencje dla rozumienia świata społecznego (s. 53-82). Warszawa: Liberi Libri.
  2. Soral, W., Bukowski, M. i Majchrowicz, B. (2020).Fenomenologia braku kontroli, czyli jak doświadczam utraty wpływu
    na bieg wydarzeń?. W M. Kofta, A Rędzio (red.), Poczucie kontroli i niepewność: konsekwencje dla rozumienia świata społecznego (s. 83-107). Warszawa: Liberi Libri.
  3. Muszyński, M., Durlik, J., Bukowski, M. (2014). „Sunny side is up“, but is the cloudy side down? Znaczenie wymiaru wertykalnego w konceptualizacji emocji. Rocznik Kognitywistyczny, 7, 43-57.
  4. Żemojtel-Piotrowska, M., Piotrowski, J., Argentero, P., Baltatescu, S., Bardhwaj, G., Bukowski, M., Calogero, R., Chargazia, M., Clinton, A., Halik, Murnizam H.J. , Ilisko, D., Khachatryan, N., Klicperova-Baker, M., Kovacs, M., Letovancova, E., Liik, K., Michałowski, J., Nord, H. T., Paspalanova, E., Rojas, E., Różycka, J., Seibt, B., Semkiv, I., Tiliouine, H., Khanh Truong, H., Van Hiel, A., van den Bos, K., Wills – Herrera, E. (2014). Kulturowe wymiary postaw roszczeniowych. Psychologia Społeczna, 9, 220-240.
  5. Bukowski, M. (2011). Reprezentacje pojęciowe z perspektywy psychologii poznania społecznego (Conceptual representations from a social cognitive perspective). In: J. Bremer i A. Chuderski (Eds.), Pojęcia (Concepts) (pp. 331-357). Kraków: Universitas.
  6. Bukowski, M., Winiewski, M. (2011). Emocje międzygrupowe a stereotypy i zagrożenia społeczne: Co jest przyczyną a co skutkiem uprzedzeń? (Intergroup emotions, stereotypes and social threats: What is the cause and the consequence of prejudice?). In: M. Kofta i M. Bilewicz (Eds.),Zagrożenie psychologiczne a postawy wobec obcych. (Psychological threat and attitudes towards others) (pp. 40-59). Warszawa: PWN.
  7. Piotrowska, K., Kossowska, M. i Bukowski, M. (2011). Wpływ sytuacyjnie wzbudzonej potrzeby poznawczego domknięcia na różnice indywidualne w aktywizacji treści stereotypowych. (The Impact of situationally evoked need for cognitive closure on differences in stereotype activation). Czasopismo Psychologiczne, 17, 229-240.
  8. Kofta, M., Bukowski, M. (2011). Psychologia kontroli a psychologia władzy: wzajemne relacje i możliwe obszary inspiracji (Psychology of control and psychology of power: mutual relations and possible areas of inspiration). In: J. Czarnota Bojarska i I. Zinserling (Eds.), W kręgu psychologii społecznej (Topics in Social Psychology)  (pp. 75-99). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo UW.
  9. Bukowski, M. (2009). Gra w reprezentacje świata społecznego – od wiedzy uogólnionej do usytuowanej. (The game in representations of the social world – from abstract to situated knowledge). In: M. Kossowska i M. Kofta (Eds.), Psychologia poznania społecznego.  Nowe idee (s. 59-82).(The Psychology of Social Cognition: New ideas). Warszawa: PWN.
  10. Bukowski, M. (2008). Zastosowania paradygmatu decyzji leksykalnych do badania aktywizacji stereotypów. (Lexical decision task applications to study stereotype activation). Psychologia Społeczna, 3, 54-63.
  11. de Lemus, S., Moya, M., Bukowski, M., Lupiáñez, J. (2008). Medición de la activación automática de las dimensiones estereotípicas de género mediante un paradigma de priming. (Automatic activation of competence and warmth dimensions in the case of gender stereotyping). Psicologica, 29, 115-132.
  12. Bukowski, M. (2006). Kontekst i stereotypizacja: ograniczanie aktywizacji stereotypu poprzez trening analitycznego przetwarzania informacji. (Context and stereotyping: Decreasing the activation of stereotypes by a training in analytical information processing). Psychologia Społeczna, 2,44-52.
  13. Bukowski, M., Drogosz, M. (2005). Stereotypy i poznanie: poznawcze podstawy funkcjonowania stereotypów. (Stereotypes and Cognition: Cognitive Bases of Stereotyping). In: M. Kossowska, M. Śmieja, S. Śpiewak (Eds.), Społeczne ścieżki poznania (s. 15-36). (Social tracks of cognition). Gdańsk: GWP.
  14. Wichary, S., Orzechowski, J., Kossowska, M., Markowic, J., Ślifierz, S., Bukowski, M. (2005). Strategie podejmowania decyzji a funkcjonowanie pamięci roboczej. (Decision making strategies and working memory). Studia Psychologiczne, 43, 97-102.
  15. Kossowska, M., Bukowski, M. (2003). Psychospołeczne uwarunkowania osiągnięć szkolnych. (Psycho-social determinants of school achievements). Psychologia Jakości Życia, 2, 167-186.