I’m a researcher at the Institute of Psychology at the Jagiellonian University. My main research interests are focused around motivation and goal-directed action, epistemic motivation, information processing, multitasking and multiple goal pursuit. I am also interested in extremism writ large (including extreme dieting, extreme sports, obsessive passions, extreme love and other forms of extreme commitment). Currently I am working on the project related to self-knowledge and motivational underpinnings of self-relevant feedback preference.




Current Research Projects

  1. Balance Model of Goal Switching: From Multitasking to Extremism. OPUS grant (2020/37/B/HS6/01588) awarded to Ewa Szumowska from the National Centre for Science (2021-2025).

Past Research Projects

  1. Self-verification in the context of epistemic motivation. OPUS grant (2017/27/B/HS6/01120) awarded to Ewa Szumowska from the National Centre for Science (2018-2021).
  2. Situtational predictors of multitasking in the context of the goal systems theory. Mobility Plus grant awarded to Ewa Szumowska from the Polish Ministry of Science (2018-2019).
  3. Theory of goal commitment. OPUS grant (2015/19/B/HS6/01253) awarded to Katarzyna Jaśko from the National Centre for Science (2016-19).
  4. Laboratory of experimental philosophy: normative implications of the identified victim effect.Interdisciplinary grant awarded to Tomasz Żuradzki from the National Program of Humanities Development (2016-2018).
  5. Motivational, affective, and cognitive sources of knowledge formation process: Implications for intrapersonal, interpersonal and intergroup phenomena. MAESTRO Grant awarded to prof. Małgorzata Kossowska by the National Centre for Science.




Papers in English

  1. Kossowska, M., Perek-Białas, J., Blukacz, M., Szwed, P., Szumowska, E., & Czernatowicz-Kukuczka, A. (2023). Mass mobilizations for helping war refugees: The role of fear, closeness, and norms. Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology, 100153.
  2. Kossowska, M., Szwed, P., Szumowska, E., Perek-Białas, J., & Czernatowicz-Kukuczka, A. (2023). The role of fear, closeness, and norms in shaping help towards war refugees. Scientific Reports13(1), 1465.
  3. Kruglanski, A. W., Ellenberg, M., Szumowska, E., Molinario, E., Speckhard, A., Leander, N. P., Pierro, A., Di Cicco, G., & Bushman, B. J. (2023). Frustration–aggression hypothesis reconsidered: The role of significance quest. Aggressive Behavior, 1–24.
  4. Szumowska, E., Szwed, P., Wójcik, N., & Kruglanski, A. W. (2023). The interplay of positivity and self-verification strivings: Feedback preference under increased desire for self-enhancement. Learning and Instruction, 83, 101715. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2022.101715
  5. Szumowska, E., & Kruglanski, A. W. (2022). The psychology of getting busy: Multitasking as a consequence of goal activation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 151(1), 137–160.
  6. Szumowska, E., Wójcik, N., Szwed, P., & Kruglanski, A. W. (2022). Says Who? Credibility Effects in Self-Verification Strivings, Psychological Science, 33(5), 699-715. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/09567976211049439 (open access)
  7. Kruglanski, A.W., Szumowska, E. & Kopetz. C. E. (2021). The call of the wild: How extremism happens. Current Directions in Psychological Science30(2), 181-185.
  8. Kruglanski, A. W., Szumowska, E., Kopetz, C. H., Vallerand, R. J., & Pierro, A. (2021). On the psychology of extremism: How motivational imbalance breeds intemperance. Psychological Review,128(2), 264–289.
  9. Popławska, A., Szumowska, E., & Kuś, J. (2021). Why Do We Need Media Multitasking? A Self-Regulatory Perspective. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 269.
  10. Kruglanski, A. W., & Szumowska, E. (2020). Habitual behavior is goal-driven. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 15(5), 1256-1271.
  11. Kossowska, M., Szumowska, E., Szwed, P., Czernatowicz-Kukuczka, A.,  & Kruglanski, A. (2020). Helping when the desire is low: Expectancy as a Booster. Motivation & Emotion. DOI: 10.1007/s11031-020-09853-3 Full text available here
  12. Szumowska, E., & Kruglanski, A. W. (2020). Curiosity as end and means. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 35, 35–39. doi:10.1016/j.cobeha.2020.06.008
  13. Szumowska, E., Czarnek, G., Dragon, P. & De Keersmaecker, J. (2020). Correction after misinformation: Does engagement in media multitasking affect attitude adjustment?, Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology, 4(2), 199-226. https://doi.org/10.1080/23743603.2021.1884495
  14. Kruglanski, A. W., Fernandez, J. F., Factor, A. R., & Szumowska, E. (2019). Cognitive mechanisms in violent extremism. Cognition, 188, 116-123.
  15. Szumowska, E. & Kruglanski, A. W. (2019). A Stroll through the Garden of “Goodness” and “Badness”: The Goal Systemic View on the Value of Actions and Outcomes. Psychological Inquiry, 30, 3, 151-154.
  16. Klein, R. A., Vianello, M., Hasselman, F., Adams, B. G., Adams, R. B., Jr., Alper, S., … Nosek, B. A. (2018, November 19). Many Labs 2: Investigating Variation in Replicability Across Sample and Setting. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/9654g (pre-print available here: https://psyarxiv.com/9654g/).
  17. Kossowska, M., Szumowska, E., Dragon, P., Jaśko, K. & Kruglanski, A. (2018). Disparate Roads to Certainty: Processing Strategy Choices under Need for Cognitive Closure. European Review of Social Psychology. DOI: 10.1080/10463283.2018.1493066 
  18. Szumowska, E., Popławska – Boruc, A., Kossowska, M. (2018). How many things do you (like to) do at once? The relationship between need for closure and multitasking preference and behavior. Personality & Individual Differences, 134, 222-231 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2018.06.023
  19. Szumowska, E., Kossowska, M., Roets, A. (2018). Motivation to comply with task rules and multitasking performance: The role of need for cognitive closure and goal importance, Motivation & Emotion, 42, 360–376, DOI: 10.1007/s11031-018-9678-2 Full text available here
  20. Sankaran, S., Szumowska, E., Kossowska, M. (2017). When the going gets tough, the tough get going. Motivation towards closure and effort investment in the performance of cognitive tasks. Motivation & Emotion. Advance online publication
  21. Szumowska, E., Szwed, P., Kossowska, M., Wright, R. (2017). Multifaceted Effects of Need for Cognitive Closure on Effort: A Cardiovascular Response Study. Motivation Science, 3(4), 369-382. doi: 10.1037/mot0000053Advance online publication
  22. Szumowska, E., & Kossowska, M. (2017). Motivational rigidity enhances multitasking performance: The role of handling interruptions. Personality and Individual Differences, 106, 81-89. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.10.040 Full text available here
  23. Szumowska, E. & Kossowska, M. (2017). Need for cognitive closure and attention allocation during multitasking: Evidence from eye-tracking studies. Personality and Individual Differences, 111, 272–280. doi: 0.1016/j.paid.2017.02.014  Full text available here
  24. Kossowska, M., Czernatowicz-Kukuczka, A., Szumowska, E., & Czarna, A. (2016). Cortisol and moral decisions among young men: The moderating role of motivation toward closure. Personality and Individual Differences, 101, 249-253. Full text available here.
  25. Szumowska, E., & Kossowska, M. (2016). Need for Closure and Multitasking Performance: The Role of Shifting Ability. Personality and Individual Differences, 19, 12-17. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2016.02.055. Full text available here
  26. Szumowska, E., & Kossowska, M. (2014). Causal attributions of immoral behaviors in relation to moral identity and moral strictness. Przegląd Psychologiczny, 57(3), 409-422.

Chapters in English

  1. Szumowska, E., Czernatowicz-Kukuczka, A., Kossowska, M., Król., S., & Kruglanski, A. W. (2020). Truth and significance: A 3N Model (Needs, Narratives, Networks) perspective on religion. In K. Vail and C. Routledge (eds.), The science of religion, spirituality, and existentialism (pp. 225-242). London: Elsevier.
  2. Szumowska, E. & Kossowska, M. (2020). Does Multitasking Require a Flexible Mind? Individual Differences in Need for Cognitive Closure and Multitasking Performance, Preference, and Behavior. In A.M. Columbus (Ed.), Advances in Psychology Research (Volume 140) (pp. 193-226). New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  3. Szumowska, E. (2018). Measuring Multitasking Performance in the Face of Interruptions: Experimental Approach. In SAGE Research Methods Cases. DOI: 10.4135/9781526441935 Advanced online publication

Chapters in Polish

  1. Kossowska, M., & Szumowska, E. (2020). Niepewność i potrzeba domknięcia poznawczego a przetwarzanie informacji [Uncertainty, need for cognitive closure and information processing]. In M. Kofta, A. M. Rędzio (eds.), Poczucie kontroli i niepewność: Konsekwencje dla rozumienia świata społecznego [The sense of control and uncertainty: Consequnces for understanding the social world] (s. 27-51). Warszawa: Liberi Libri.

  2. Czernatowicz-Kukuczka, A., Kossowska, M., Czarnek, G., Szumowska, E., & Szwed, P. (2020). Radzenie sobie z niepewnością na poziomie przekonań i sądów społecznych [Dealing with uncertaitny at the level of social judgments and beliefs]. In M. Kofta and A. M. Rędzio (eds.), Poczucie kontroli i niepewność: Konsekwencje dla rozumienia świata społecznego [The sense of control and uncertainty: Consequnces for understanding the social world] (s. 111-138). Warszawa: Liberi Libri.

Books in English

Kruglanski, A. W., Kopetz, C., & Szumowska, E. (2022). The psychology of extremism: a motivational perspective. Routledge.

Kossowska, M., Szumowska, E., Szwed, P. (2020). The Psychology of Tolerance in Times of Uncertainty. Routledge.

Books in Polish

Kossowska, M., Szumowska, E., Szwed, P. (2018). Tolerancja w czasach niepewności [Tolerance in the Times of Uncertainty]. Smak Słowa.



2020 Scholarship for Outstanding Young Researchers awarded by the Minister of Science and Higher Education in Poland
2018 Blazej Szymura Award for best Ph.D. publication, Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University