Principal Investigator: Sven Waldzus. Cooperation: Maciej Sekerdej.
This project applies relational models theory (Fiske, 1991, 1992) to intergroup relations. According to that theory, all relations rely on only four basic relational models: Communal sharing (CS), Authority ranking (AR), equality matching (EM) and market pricing (MP), which are universal, but require culturally specific implementations.
Each of these models has also a particular mode of constitution: Consusbstantial assimilation (CS), Ordered asymmetric alignment in time and space (AR), concrete transformation procedures (EM) and abstract symbolic representation of cost/benefit rations (MP). Relations are assumed to be intrinsically motivated by relational complementarity, which informs moral and emotional regulation of intergroup relations. Such new approach allows the explanation of phenomena that have until now not been sufficiently explained: Positive intergroup relations (i.e., ways to cooperate) and extremely negative intergroup behaviour (e.g., genocide). It also allows for a more fine-grained analysis of intergroup antagonism by distinguishing misunderstanding, conflict and competition.
The project involves : (1) the finalizing and publication of an intergroup theory that complements previous instrumental and identity approaches, (2) follow up studies for previous research on the role of three of the different models (CS, EM, AR) and their modes of constitution in intergroup relations